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Bug with planes heading north

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  • #16
    What I don't understand is this: If you receive correct data for altitude and speed (non-zero values), why do you then assume that the heading is wrong just because it is zero? I could understand it if you didn't receive any data at all, but with everything else working, isn't it safe to assume that the heading is working too?

    What I would do is test for speed and altitude both being zero, and then assume that a heading of zero is a fault. In all other cases I would assume that zero heading means north.

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    • #17
      It's not safe to assume anything and there is not so much to test, you will have aircraft pointing in northern direction and flying in another direction. It must be better to show no direction, than wrong direction?

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      • #18
        Originally posted by Frank B View Post
        What I would do is test for speed and altitude both being zero, and then assume that a heading of zero is a fault. In all other cases I would assume that zero heading means north.
        Unfortunately, it's not that simple. Heading could incorrectly be reported as 0, even though the plane has speed and altitude.

        Example:
        http://www.flightradar24.com/2012-05-02/15:27/DLH55M

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        • #19
          Originally posted by jakob View Post
          Unfortunately, it's not that simple. Heading could incorrectly be reported as 0, even though the plane has speed and altitude.

          Example:
          http://www.flightradar24.com/2012-05-02/15:27/DLH55M
          Okay. Perhaps I am misunderstanding how this works. I was under the impression that either the transponder is operational, and transmits all data, or it doesn't transmit anything at all. Is there an independent transmitter for each type of data?

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          • #20
            As ADS-B is not mandatory there are quite a lot of errors, and no one seems to care. As I have never been in contact with a transponder I cannot explain the errors. But during the 5 years we have been running FR24 I have learned some patterns.
            Many B777-200 have speed and heading 0.
            Many RJ70/100 are landing some kilometers off the airport.
            Many Turbo prop have speed and heading 0.
            Some B747-400 have callsign problems.
            One Antonov 148 is often flying backwards.
            One SAS A340 is flying in Mach 2. (has been flying so for 2-3 years, why don't SAS fix this????)
            One Aerosvit is flying with different strange transponder problems.
            There are lot's of aircraft flying with incorrect/wrong/old HEX-code.
            3 aircraft on Maldives are flying with the same HEX code.
            Sky Airlines have more position transmission problems than any other airline.
            About 10-15 aircraft are blocked from showing up on FR24 as they always transmit incorrect position data.

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            • #21
              Originally posted by jakob View Post
              Unfortunately, it's not that simple. Heading could incorrectly be reported as 0, even though the plane has speed and altitude.

              Example:
              http://www.flightradar24.com/2012-05-02/15:27/DLH55M
              Thank you Jakob for this example.
              never seen a plane going south and track zero with a usual air speed.
              Do you know if the BDS registers are cleared from time to time ?

              And sorry to all. I was looking for a solution.

              ps.
              there might be a solution. EUROCAE ED-102A around page 98.
              if you need it let me know
              2.2.3.2.6.3.6 “Heading Status Bit” Subfield in Airborne Velocity Messages - Subtype=3
              The ―Heading Status Bit ‖ subfield is a 1-bit (―ME‖ bit 14, Message bit 46) field that
              shall be used to indicate the availability of ―Heading‖ information as shown in Table
              2-34.
              Table 2-34: “Heading Status Bit” Encoding
              Coding Meaning
              0 Heading Data is NOT Available
              1 Heading Data is Available
              2.2.3.2.6.3.7 “Heading” Subfield in Airborne Velocity Messages - Subtype=3
              The ―Heading‖ subfield is a 10-bit (―ME‖ bits 15 – 24, Message bits 47 – 56) field
              that shall be used to report the ―Heading‖ (in degrees) of the ADS-B Transmitting
              Subsystem.
              Range, Resolution, and No Data encoding of the ―Heading‖ subfield shall be as
              shown in Table 2-35.
              99
               EUROCAE, 2009
              Table 2-35: “Heading” Encoding
              Coding Meaning
              (Binary) (Decimal) (Heading in degrees)
              00 0000 0000 0 Heading is ZERO
              00 0000 0001 1 Heading = 0.3515625 degrees
              00 0000 0010 2 Heading = 0.703125 degrees
              00 0000 0011 3 Heading = 1.0546875 degrees
              *** *** ***
              01 1111 1111 511 Heading = 179.6484375 degrees
              10 0000 0000 512 Heading = 180.0 degrees
              10 0000 0001 513 Heading = 180.3515625 degrees
              10 0000 0010 514 Heading = 180.703125 degrees
              *** *** ***
              11 1111 1110 1022 Heading = 359.296875 degrees
              11 1111 1111 1023 Heading = 359.6484375 degrees
              Notes:
              1. The encoding shown in the table represents an angular weighted binary encoding
              in degrees clockwise from True or Magnetic North. The MSB represents a bit
              weighting of 180 degrees, while the LSB represents a bit weighting of 360/1024
              degrees.
              2. Raw data used to establish the Heading Subfield will normally have more
              resolution (i.e., more bits) than that required by the Heading Subfield. When
              converting such data to the Heading Subfield, the accuracy of the data must be
              maintained such that it is not worse than LSB where the LSB is that of the
              Heading subfield.
              3. The reference direction for Heading (whether True North or Magnetic North) is
              indicated in the Horizontal Reference Direction (HRD) field of the Aircraft
              Operational Status Message (2.2.3.2.7.2.13).
              Last edited by Charky; 2012-05-05, 19:10.
              http://www.liveatc.net/search/?icao=LSGG

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