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How to Install dump1090-mutability_1.15~dev on RPi

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  • #31
    If you are using Raspbian STRETCH, you will get this notice on map:
    Problem fetching data from dump1090.
    AJAX call failed (error: Not Found). Maybe dump1090 is no longer running?
    The displayed map data will be out of date
    • The solution is to add a file "rtl-sdr.rules" with proper entries in folder /etc/udev/rules.d
    • Blacklisting is NOT required.


    Use this simple one-step solution:
    Code:
    sudo wget -O  /etc/udev/rules.d/rtl-sdr.rules "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/osmocom/rtl-sdr/master/rtl-sdr.rules"
    
    sudo reboot
    NOTE:
    I have worked out the bove simplified solution based on solutions posted by jaxxtheone, Randstad, and thehague.
    Last edited by abcd567; 2017-09-01, 22:10.

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    • #32
      [SOLVED] BUGS IN RASPBIAN STRETCH [SOLVED]

      (1) dump1090-mutability fails to open DVB-T. Gives following error:
      Code:
      Problem fetching data from dump1090.
      AJAX call failed (error: Not Found). Maybe dump1090 is no longer running?
      The displayed map data will be out of date.
      Reason: Missing rtl-sdr.rules.


      Workaround:
      Code:
      sudo wget -O  /etc/udev/rules.d/rtl-sdr.rules "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/osmocom/rtl-sdr/master/rtl-sdr.rules"
      
      sudo reboot
      .
      .
      .

      (2) FlightRadar24's fr24feed fails to install by bash script.

      Reason: Missing package "dirmngr".


      Workaround:
      Code:
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install dirmngr
      
      sudo bash -c "$(wget -O - http://repo.feed.flightradar24.com/install_fr24_rpi.sh)"
      #Enter details when prompted.
      .
      .
      .

      (3) RadarBox24's rbfeeder fails to install by bash script
      Code:
      sudo bash -c "$(wget -O - http://apt.rb24.com/inst_rbfeeder.sh)"
      .........
      W: GPG error: http://apt.rb24.com jessie Release: The following signatures were invalid: A7E7D5E3786CA2212A3A5F4769D62C99357DF51A
      W: The repository 'http://apt.rb24.com jessie Release' is not signed.
      .........
      WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated!
        rbfeeder
      .....
      Failed to start rbfeeder.service: Unit rbfeeder.service not found.

      Workaround:
      Code:
      sudo apt-get update
      sudo apt-get install rbfeeder
      Ignore following warning during install and say y
      Code:
      WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated!
        rbfeeder
      Install these packages without verification? [y/N]
      Last edited by abcd567; 2017-09-21, 21:23.

      Comment


      • #33
        Currently dump1090-mutability uses Open Steert Map.

        If someone wants dump1090-mutability v1.15~dev which has Google map, he has to install an older version which was released earlier than the switch to Open Street map. Here is how to do this:

        Step-By-Step Method for Installing June 8, 2016 version of dump1090-mutability v1.15~dev (The last version which had Google Map).

        STEP-1: Install build tools and dependencies
        Code:
        $ sudo apt-get update
        $ sudo apt-get install librtlsdr-dev libusb-1.0-0-dev pkg-config debhelper
        $ sudo apt-get install lighttpd 
        $ sudo apt-get install git

        STEP-2: Clone source code from GitHub
        Code:
        $ git clone https://github.com/mutability/dump1090.git
        $ cd dump1090

        STEP-3: Reset git to the last version which had Google Map.
        Code:
        $ git reset --hard dfe3d7af12
        HEAD is now at dfe3d7a Merge pull request #126 from rxseger/osx

        STEP-4: Build .deb package from source code
        Code:
        $ sudo dpkg-buildpackage -b

        STEP-5: Install the .deb package
        Code:
        $ cd ../
        $ sudo dpkg --install dump1090-mutability_1.15~dev_armhf.deb
        $ sudo lighty-enable-mod dump1090
        $ sudo /etc/init.d/lighttpd force-reload

        STEP-6: Configure settings
        Code:
        $ sudo dpkg-reconfigure dump1090-mutability
        $ sudo systemctl restart dump1090-mutability
        $ sudo reboot

        STEP-7: Enjoy the Google Map
        dump1090-mutability-GoogleMap-Commit 8 June 2016.png

        Comment


        • #34
          Hello

          I getting this error message after i followed all steps described in post #1 [ i'm running : Raspbian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch) ]

          Problem fetching data from dump1090.
          AJAX call failed (error: Not Found). Maybe dump1090 is no longer running?
          The displayed map data will be out of date.
          The following instructions did not fix it, i'm still getting the message when browsing : ip/dump1090/gmap.html

          Code:
          sudo wget -O  /etc/udev/rules.d/rtl-sdr.rules "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/osmocom/rtl-sdr/master/rtl-sdr.rules"
          sudo /etc/init.d/dump1090-mutability restart
          sudo reboot
          I'm newbie,
          dump1090-fa is NOT installed so far, as post#1 does not mention to do so.
          Should i have dump1090-fa installed or dump1090-mutability is the only one needed ?

          Code:
          apt-cache policy dump1090-fa
          dump1090-fa:
          Installed: (none)
          Candidate: 3.5.3
          Version table:
          3.5.3 500
          500 http://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/files/packages jessie/piaware armhf Packages
          Code:
          apt-cache policy dump1090-mutability
          dump1090-mutability:
          Installed: 1.15~dev
          Candidate: 1.15~dev
          Version table:
          *** 1.15~dev 100
          100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
          Code:
          apt-cache policy piaware
          piaware:
          Installed: 3.5.3
          Candidate: 3.5.3
          Version table:
          *** 3.5.3 500
          500 http://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/files/packages jessie/piaware armhf Packages
          100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
          Would you please help me ?
          Last edited by lcn; 2018-03-01, 09:29.

          Comment


          • #35
            First of all I apologize for late reply. I missed your post, and just now noticed it.

            Originally posted by lcn View Post
            I getting this error message after i followed all steps described in post #1 [ i'm running : Raspbian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch) ]
            Most likely this is a hardware problem. Either the dongle is not plugged into Pi properly and firmly, or is defective. Another possibility is that the dongle is not getting enough current due to bad or undersized 5v DC power adapter.
            1. Unplug the dongle from Pi, then replug the dongle into Pi firmly, reboot, and check again.

            2. Check and tighten antenna cable connection to dongle.

            3. If above does not solve the problem, test your dongle by method given in this thread:
              Is My DVB-T RTL SDR Dongle Healthy?.

              Use OPTION-2, which is much easier as you have dongle plugged into Raspberry Pi

            4. If all above fails, try another larger capacity 5V DC adapter.



            Originally posted by lcn View Post
            dump1090-fa is NOT installed so far, as post#1 does not mention to do so.
            Should i have dump1090-fa installed or dump1090-mutability is the only one needed ?
            Only one dump1090 is necessary. As you already have dump1090-mutability v1.15~dev installed you dont need dump1090-fa or any other version. Infact installing more than one type of dump1090 causes clash between the dumps, and results in malfunction.
            Last edited by abcd567; 2018-03-16, 22:20.

            Comment


            • #36
              @jrf

              I could install debhelper on 2018-03-13-raspbian-stretch-lite.img, which I downloaded today.

              pi@raspberrypi:~ $ cat /etc/os-release
              PRETTY_NAME="Raspbian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch)"
              .................................................. ...............
              .................................................. ...............


              pi@raspberrypi:~ $ cat /boot/issue.txt
              Raspberry Pi reference 2018-03-13
              .................................................. ...............


              pi@raspberrypi:~ $ apt-cache policy debhelper
              debhelper:
              Installed: (none)
              Candidate: 10.2.5
              .................................................. ...............
              .................................................. ...............


              pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo apt-get install debhelper
              Reading package lists... Done
              Building dependency tree
              Reading state information... Done
              .................................................. ..............
              .................................................. ..............
              Setting up debhelper (10.2.5) ...
              Setting up dh-strip-nondeterminism (0.034-1) ...
              Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.24-11+deb9u3) ...
              pi@raspberrypi:~ $

              Comment


              • #37
                @abcd567
                Thx, installed again (Lite image), installation went through with no error messages. I have no clue why I did not work before. I had the following error that was corrected with the below command and a reboot:
                AJAX call failed (error: Not Found). Maybe dump1090 is no longer running?
                Code:
                sudo wget -O /etc/udev/rules.d/rtl-sdr.rules "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/osmocom/rtl-sdr/master/rtl-sdr.rules"
                I will add the data feeders for FR24 and FA, but first need to figure out what to do to keep my sharing keys for both data feeds the same (replacing the still running "old" RPi).
                JRF: T-EDNY19
                South Germany

                Comment


                • #38
                  Originally posted by jrf View Post
                  I will add the data feeders for FR24 and FA, but first need to figure out what to do to keep my sharing keys for both data feeds the same (replacing the still running "old" RPi).
                  FlightRadar24:
                  Sharing code (fr24key) is in file /etc/fr24feed.ini .
                  SSH to OLD Pi, open this file, and copy paste the sharing code to a text file in your Desktop/laptop. Save text file.

                  Here is output from my Pi. I have replaced sharing key by "xxxxxxxxxxxxx" for privacy reasons.
                  Code:
                  pi@raspberrypi:~ $ cat /etc/fr24feed.ini
                  
                  receiver="beast-tcp"
                  host="127.0.0.1:30005"
                  fr24key="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"
                  bs="no"
                  raw="no"
                  logmode="1"
                  windowmode="0"
                  mpx="no"
                  mlat="yes"
                  mlat-without-gps="yes"

                  Alternatively you can find the fr24 key on OLD Pi's page <ip-of-OLD-Pi>:8754/settings.html


                  FlightAware:
                  Go to your Flightaware "My ASDSB" page of OLD Pi while logged-in to Flightaware
                  Copy your "Unique Identifier" from there, and paste it in a text file in your Desktop/Laptop. Save text file.
                  Here is the detailed method:
                  For Begginers - How to Get Back Existing Station Number in A Fresh Install


                  Alternatively you can also get your UUID (or feeder id) by SSH to OLD Pi, and giving command sudo piaware-config -show feeder-id
                  Copy-paste feeder-id from SSH terminal to a text file on Desktop/Laptop, and save the text file.

                  Output from my Pi.
                  For privacy reasons, I have replaced actual value by xxxxxx
                  Code:
                  pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo piaware-config -show feeder-id
                  
                  xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx

                  Comment


                  • #39
                    Originally posted by jrf
                    1) What I do not understand: I think to remember from a post I read somewhere that "max" and "-10" are basically the same, but the outcome for me is a big difference.
                    The setting "max" sets gain to "Maximum Available" setting of the dongle, which is 49.6 dB.
                    The setting "-10" does NOT set any gain value. It is a switch. It switches the dongle to AGC (automatic gain control) which theoretically should continuously adjust the gain according to prevailing signal level.


                    Originally posted by jrf
                    2) What do the different colors (green, purple) in the plane list in map gmap.html mean?
                    I don't know. I never paid any attention to color of Plane Icons.
                    May be it is related to altitude of the plane, but I am not sure.

                    Comment


                    • #40
                      Originally posted by abcd567 View Post
                      I don't know. I never paid any attention to color of Plane Icons.
                      May be it is related to altitude of the plane, but I am not sure.
                      Color is coming from config.js. See:
                      Code:
                      cd ~
                      cd /usr/share/dump1090-mutability/html
                      sudo nano config.js
                      Code:
                      // These settings control the coloring of aircraft by altitude.
                      // All color values are given as Hue (0-359) / Saturation (0-100) / Lightness (0-100)
                      ColorByAlt = {
                              // HSL for planes with unknown altitude:
                              unknown : { h: 0,   s: 0,   l: 40 },
                      
                              // HSL for planes that are on the ground:
                              ground  : { h: 120, s: 100, l: 30 },
                      
                              air : {
                                      // These define altitude-to-hue mappings
                                      // at particular altitudes; the hue
                                      // for intermediate altitudes that lie
                                      // between the provided altitudes is linearly
                                      // interpolated.
                                      //
                                      // Mappings must be provided in increasing
                                      // order of altitude.
                                      //
                                      // Altitudes below the first entry use the
                                      // hue of the first entry; altitudes above
                                      // the last entry use the hue of the last
                                      // entry.
                                      h: [ { alt: 2000,  val: 20 },    // orange
                                           { alt: 10000, val: 140 },   // light green
                                           { alt: 40000, val: 300 } ], // magenta
                                      s: 85,
                                      l: 50,
                              },
                      
                              // Changes added to the color of the currently selected plane
                              selected : { h: 0, s: -10, l: +20 },
                      
                              // Changes added to the color of planes that have stale position info
                              stale :    { h: 0, s: -10, l: +30 },
                      
                              // Changes added to the color of planes that have positions from mlat
                              mlat :     { h: 0, s: -10, l: -10 }
                      };
                      JRF: T-EDNY19
                      South Germany

                      Comment


                      • #41
                        RTL-SDR V3 Dongle
                        Enabling Auto Switch-ON of Bias-T in dump1090-mutability v1.15~dev.


                        There is a method posted on the RTL-SDR Blog on April 28, 2018, which is applicable to Piaware/dump1090-fa and uses bias-t start command through file dump1090-fa.service.


                        This method does not apply to dump1090-mutability v1.15~dev, as the dump1090-mutability.service files are automatically generated by "systemd-sysv-generator", and all the changes made by user are overwritten at restart / reboot.

                        The dump1090-mutability.service starts dump1090-mutability through the file /etc/init.d/dump1090-mutability, which is not overwritten at reboot/restart. I have therefore added bias-t start and logging script in that file, and it works OK.

                        STEP-1:

                        Build package rtl_biast

                        Code:
                        #First installed Packages needed to build and to fulfill dependencies 
                        
                        sudo apt-get install git  
                        sudo apt-get install cmake 
                        sudo apt-get install libusb-1.0 
                        
                        #Now build rtl_biast 
                        git clone https://github.com/rtlsdrblog/rtl_biast 
                        cd rtl_biast 
                        sudo mkdir build 
                        cd build  
                        sudo cmake .. -DDETACH_KERNEL_DRIVER=ON
                        sudo make 
                        
                        #TEST-1 
                        cd src 
                        ./rtl_biast -b 1 
                        usb_claim_interface error -6 
                        
                        #TEST-2 
                        sudo systemctl stop dump1090-mutability 
                        ./rtl_biast -b 1 
                        Found Rafael Micro R820T tuner

                        STEP-2:

                        (1) Open file /etc/init.d/dump1090-mutability in editor.

                        Code:
                        sudo nano /etc/init.d/dump1090-mutability
                        (2) In the file opened, scroll down to following portion of code
                        (You can quickly reach there by pressing Ctrl+w, then typing do_start then pressing Enter Key).

                        Code:
                        # Function that starts the daemon/service 
                        # 
                        do_start() 
                        { 
                        
                             #      Return 
                             #      0 if daemon has been started 
                             #      1 if daemon was already running 
                             #      2 if daemon could not be started
                        (3) Insert following 2 lines
                        Code:
                        /home/pi/rtl_biast/build/src/rtl_biast -b 1 >> /var/log/biast.log 2>&1 
                        
                        date >> /var/log/biast.log
                        The lines should be inserted at location shown below:


                        Code:
                        # Function that starts the daemon/service 
                        # 
                        do_start() 
                        {
                        
                                  /home/pi/rtl_biast/build/src/rtl_biast -b 1 >> /var/log/biast.log 2>&1 
                                  date >> /var/log/biast.log  
                        
                                 #   Return        
                                 #      0 if daemon has been started 
                                 #      1 if daemon was already running 
                                 #      2 if daemon could not be started
                        (4) Save file (Ctrl+o) and Close editor (Ctrl+x)

                        (5) Reload daemon to incorporate changes, then restart dump1090-mutability.
                        Code:
                        sudo systemctl daemon-reload 
                        sudo systemctl restart dump1090-mutability
                        Check log
                        Code:
                        cat /var/log/biast.log 
                        Found Rafael Micro R820T tuner 
                        Tue May 1 14:25:06 EDT 2018
                        .

                        Explanation of code:
                        "/home/pi/rtl_biast/build/src/rtl_biast -b 1" switches on the bias t
                        ">> /var/log/biast.log 2>&1" sends output (stdout+stderr) to file /var/log/biast.log
                        "date >> /var/log/biast.log" timestamps the log

                        .

                        If you are interested only in switching-on the bias-t, and are not interested in creating biast log, then only one short line (i.e. /home/pi/rtl_biast/build/src/rtl_biast -b 1) need to be added as shown below:

                        Code:
                        # Function that starts the daemon/service 
                        #
                        do_start() 
                        { 
                                 /home/pi/rtl_biast/build/src/rtl_biast -b 1 
                        
                                 #   Return 
                                 #      0 if daemon has been started 
                                 #      1 if daemon was already running 
                                 #      2 if daemon could not be started
                        Last edited by abcd567; 2019-07-25, 01:36.

                        Comment


                        • #42
                          Thanks again abcd for a very useful guide. Just swapped my Pi Zero with a 3B+ and used your guide to configure the new Pi. The only info I had to search for was how to transfer the sharing keys from old Pi to new Pi so I could keep the same accounts:

                          Fr24's is "fr24key" from the /etc/fr24feed.ini file
                          PiAware is the /var/cache/piaware/feeder_id file
                          PFClient is the "sharecode" in the /etc/pfclient-config.json file

                          I installed the new Pi, stopped the feeders on the old one and then transferred the keys across.

                          Comment


                          • #43
                            elljay

                            The built from this page is actually dump1090-mutability ver 1.15~dev, and Flightaware has nothing to do with it. Therefore Flightaware will NOT upgrade it, and it will continue to work ok.

                            The dump1090 Flightawsre are going to upgrade is their brand of dump1090 called dump1090-fa, which you dont have.

                            They will also upgrade the Piaware data feeder which you have installed as per Flightaware page https://flightaware.com/adsb/piaware/install. It will be upgraded only IF YOU WANT. You can enable or disable updating by commands given below..

                            If you are using Stretch, upgrade is ok. If you are using Jessie, better dont upgrade


                            For Auto Update:
                            The auto update will take place only if you have enabled auto-updates by following command:

                            Code:
                            #To enable auto update:
                            sudo piaware-config allow-auto-updates yes 
                            
                            #To disable auto update:
                            sudo piaware-config allow-auto-updates no

                            For Manual Update:
                            You can manually issue update command from your Flightaware "My ADS-B" page if you enable manual update by issueing following command:

                            Code:
                            #To enable manual update:
                            sudo piaware-config allow-manual-updates yes 
                            
                            #To disable manual update:
                            sudo piaware-config allow-manual-updates no
                            Last edited by abcd567; 2018-09-27, 04:05.

                            Comment


                            • #44
                              .
                              "READ AND SET GAIN FROM BROWSER / DUMP1090-MUTABILITY MAP"


                              Step-by-step posted today: Post #7 on Page #1

                              .

                              Comment


                              • #45
                                Hi Peter
                                When one browses the post #7 on page #1, the procedure looks lengthy and complicated. However it is actually 4 simple steps

                                (1) Install necessary package by apt-get command.

                                (2) Create a new file in folder "html", and copy-paste code in new file and save it.

                                (3) Create a new folder "gain" and a new file inside it, and copy-paste code in new file and save it.

                                (4) Open crontab file and copy-paste into it single line of code to start the setgain at reboot, save crontab file, and reboot Pi.

                                After above 4 steps you can get the "Set Gain" button and Drop-down list in a browser at following address:

                                IP-of-Pi/dump1090/gain.php

                                If someone wants to embed the "Set Gain" Button and Drop-down in dump1090 Map, following 2 additional steps are required:

                                (1) Make a backup copy of file gmap.html
                                (2) Open file gmap.html in nano editor, copy-paste 3 lines of code, save file. Reload dump1090 Map by Ctrl+F5.

                                .
                                Last edited by abcd567; 2018-10-10, 09:05.

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